On this episode of Knowing Animals, we talk to Gary O'Brien (a DPhil student in Philosophy at the University of Oxford) about his paper "Directed Panspermia, Wild Animal Suffering, and the Ethics of World Creation", which was published "online first" in the Journal of Applied Philosophy earlier in 2021. This episode of Knowing Animals is brought to you by AASA (the Australasian Animal Studies Association). You can join AASA today! It is also brought to you by the Animal Publics book series at Sydney University Press. Take a look at their list of animal studies books on the Sydney University Press website.